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Pysicochemical Properities

His Asp consequences
aromatic, positive charged, polar, hydrophilic negative charged, small, polar, hydrophilic On the one side, both amino acids are polar, but on the other side, His is positively charged, while Asp is negatively charged, which is an essential difference between these both amino acids. Therefore it is very likely, that this change causes big changes in the structure of the protein and the protein therefore will probably not work any longer. Furthermore, the structure of the two amino acids is very different, because of the aromatic ring of the His.

Visualisation of the Mutation

picture original aa picture mutated aa combined picture
Amino acid Histidine
Amino acid Aspartate
Picture which visualize the mutation

Subsitution Matrices Values

PAM 1 Pam 250 BLOSOUM 62
value aa most frequent substitution rarest substitution value aa most frequent substitution rarest substitution value aa most frequent substitution rarest substitution
3 20 (Gln) 0 (Ile, Met) 4 7 (Gln) 2 (Ala, Cys, Gly, Ile, Leu, Met, Phe, Thr, Trp, Val) -1 2 (Tyr) -3 (Cys, Ile, Leu, Val)

Conservation analysis with multiple alignments

Mutation in the multiple alignment

Secondary structure mutation analysis


Comparison with the real structure:

Mutation at position 179
Mutation at position 179 - detailed view

SNAP Prediction

Substitution Prediction Reliability Index Expected Accuracy
D Non-neutral 6 93%

A detailed list of all possible substitutions can be found [here]

SIFT Prediction

SIFT Matrix:
Each entry contains the score at a particular position (row) for an amino acid substitution (column). Substitutions predicted to be intolerant are highlighted in red.

Sift legend.png
179 sift.png.png

SIFT Table
Threshold for intolerance is 0.05.
Amino acid color code: nonpolar, uncharged polar, basic, acidic.
Capital letters indicate amino acids appearing in the alignment, lower case letters result from prediction.

Predict Not ToleratedPositionSeq RepPredict Tolerated

Polyphen2 Prediction

HumDiv prediction
HumVar prediction